Solar Air Conditioning (SAC)

Early summers typically bring a nice relief from your bone chilling winters, but come May & April, the summer heat begins taking its toll, both physically together with psychologically. When it is a tropical climate, as in many areas of India, the hot daytime can be all together trying. The energy levels of people so does their productivity and go down.

That is when the modern day Air conditioning comes as a God Present. An extremely substantial no. of Offices, laboratories, resorts, public buildings are now fitted with air conditioning systems. Central Air-Conditioning Systems ensure cooling system in every nook and corner of the functioning space.

Solar Air Conditioning-Comfort for Summers

While this all sound hunky dory, its not. Extensive air conditioning is interchangeable to hefty power consumption (and wastage) leading to not only substantial electricity statements but also the dreaded regular power outages. Another measure is – of course – DG sets, to bring the wanted relaxation inside, while puffing out clouds of black smoke with very high degrees of sound pollution for the surroundings and the external world to survive.

In the midst of saving ourselves in the fury of the nature, we’re mistakenly assaulting the nature increasingly more, which keeps returning even more furiously every now and after that. Among the largest stages of matter therefore is the imminent risk as a result of increasing world temperatures (Global warming!!). Just what exactly shall we do to live and live with relaxation?

Let Us not forget we’ve an enormous way to obtain energy in the very Sun that we are protecting ourselves from. One response is Generation of electricity using sun’s energy. It Is free and for now we can safely suppose, unending. Yes, solar energy can light up our houses and cook our food. But can it additionally cool our houses? The answer again is yes. Solar air conditioning, a radical and coming technology, supplies the response.

Solar atmosphere conditioningrefers to any air conditioning (cooling) system that uses solar power. A liquid or a gaseous material either pile up at first glance of a solid, porous material (adsorption) or is taken up by a liquid or a solid material (absorption for supplying the required cooling system). In some procedures provide atmosphere is directly conditioned, i.e. treated in terms of temperature and humidity

This thermally driven cooling system and air conditioning procedure is at the guts of every solar cooling system. The primary rule of Sorption Assisted Air Conditioning is revealed in the image here. The solar energy can be used to dehumidify the sorbent.

That is a 9 point procedure. In Position 1 to 2, Sorptive dehumidification of outdoor atmosphere takes place with coincident rise in temperature through the free adsorption heat. Subsequently the atmosphere is cooled in the warmth reclamation rotor in the countercurrent to the exhaust atmosphere (phase 2 to 3). Atmosphere is farther cooled (Phase 3 to 4) through evaporation-humidification; Therefore the atmosphere inflow to the building has a lower temperature and less water vapor compared to the outdoor atmosphere. In Phase 4 to 5 Warming of the atmosphere occurs, and if required inclusion of water vapor. Subsequently during Point to 6 building’s exhaust air temperature is lowered through evaporative cooling system in the humidifier. This exhaust atmosphere is warmed (Phase 6 to 7) in the countercurrent to the atmosphere inflow in the warmth reclamation rotor. The exhaust atmosphere is farther warmed (Phase 7 to 8) through outside heat sources (i.e. solar thermal system). Eventually in Phase 8 to 9 Sorption Rotor is Regenerated through the desorption of the bound water.

Open and Shut cycle Air Conditioning Systems:

Open-cycle systems are more valuable in buildings with high air exchange rates and high humidity loads. A heat recovery unit, at the same time as the installing of ducts for the return atmosphere and the supply air is needed. In this, the external air is dehumidified through sorption and afterward is brought to the desired temperature by heat recovery in addition to indirect and direct evaporative cooling system. Typically dehumidifying is realized in a rotor including the desiccant substance silica gel or lithium chloride, but increasingly liquid desiccants (desiccant substance: lithium chloride) are being attempted. In these systems the solar heat is needed for the regeneration of the absorption/adsorption unit.

Shut-cycle desiccant evaporative cooling systems derive from the procedures of Adsorption (based on solid desiccants like silica gel or Zeolites with water as refrigerant) or Absorption (where desiccants are liquid ex. material pairs of lithium bromide as desiccant and water as refrigerant, or water as desiccant and ammonia as refrigerant, where sub Zero temperatures may be needed).

For acclimatizing and cooling system of buildings, just solar-thermally driven procedures are used.

In real practice, solar collectors are accustomed to convert solar radiation to heat that’s subsequently fed into a thermally driven cooling procedure or into a primary air conditioning procedure. Especially in specific uses, for example for cooling medications in distant regions which are not linked to the power system, solar radiation is transformed by a photovoltaic generator to solar power that subsequently drives a refrigeration procedure – typically in the form of a compression chiller.

ACG Air Conditioning Guys
182A Canterbury Rd, Canterbury NSW 2193
(02) 8021 3735
http://airconditioningguys.com.au

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